Additional solutions can be found at Environmental Solutions for Getting Around Town.
as always a great, sustainable transportation alternative to the automobile for individuals and businesses.
- Bicycle Highway
Copenhagen, where one-third of residents bike to work or school daily, is building a bicycle highway. Several innovations are being tested, like “green wave” technology, which times traffic lights to suit bikers. If you maintain a certain pace, you can ride all the way through into the city without stopping. There are also footrests with bars to lean on at traffic lights, and a bike pump every mile in case you have a flat. The bike highway alone is expected to save Copenhagen’s health care system some $60 million a year.
- Bicycle Sharing System or Community Bicycle Program
program which provides free (or nearly free) access to bicycles for inner-city transport. The goal is to reduce the use of automobiles for short trips inside the city and diminish traffic congestion, noise and air-pollution
- Bicycle Tourism
revitalizing small towns through bicycle tourism – creating bicycle routes through small, rural towns.
biofuel made from whisky and other biological by-products. Butanol can run in unmodified engines with gasoline and may also be blended with diesel and biodiesel and provides 25% more power output than the traditional (bio)ethanol.
an alternative, vegetable-based fuel for diesel engines.
- Biomimicry and AskNature.org
Biomimicry is a new science that studies nature’s models and then imitates or takes inspiration from these designs and processes to solve human problems, e.g., the shell of a car inspired by a beetle. AskNature.org is an online searchable database of nature-based solutions to common everyday problems.
- Bus Rapid Transit
increasingly popular way to create a lower-cost rapid transit system using specially designated lanes for buses.
- California Air Resources Board Strict Emissions Standards
“clean air agency” of the state of California in the United States. It is known for setting extremely stringent standards for air quality. Rules adopted in California oblige automakers to reduce their global-warming emissions by 30 percent, starting in 2009 and culminating in 2016.
- Canada and Carmakers Sign Tough Emissions Pact
major automakers agreed to voluntarily reduce the global-warming emissions of cars and light trucks sold in Canada by 5.3 million metric tons, or about 25%, by the end of 2010. It could force automakers to adopt similar stringent emissions rules for vehicles sold throughout the United States.
- Car Sharing
a system where a fleet of vehicles is owned and operated by an organization or individual and is made available for use by members of the carshare group. Find a car sharing organization near you.
sharing rides on a regular basis to save fuel and money. There are two great ways to find carpooling opportunities:carpoolworld and craigslist (select your location and click on rideshare under the community section).
- Charge Across Town
model organization that is educating the San Francisco Bay Area about electric and plug-in hybrids. YouTube video of EV Week.
- Clean Fleet Guide
tools to help company fleets make “green” vehicle and fuel decisions.
- Congestion Pricing
a system of surcharging users of a transport network in periods of peak demand to reduce traffic congestion.
- Cycle Chic
the growing culture of cycling in fashionable clothes. It is popular in cities where cycling is an everyday form of transportation. Dozens of cycle chic blogs around the world were inspired by the original in Copenhagen. The Dutch provide many great lessons about how to increase biking in other communities.
- Dynamic Ridesharing
also known as online/instant/real-time ridesharing/ridematching or casual carpooling. Combines a high-tech instant rideshare request system with incentives for drivers to invite passengers into their otherwise single-occupant vehicles.
- Electric Vehicles
a vehicle with one or more electric motors for propulsion. Better Place aims to reduce global dependency on petroleum through the creation of a market-based transportation infrastructure that supports electric vehicles.
- Ethanol (Bioethanol) – Potential Alternatives to Land/Food-Based Ethanol:
- Algae Fuel
- Second Generation Biofuels (excluding potentially invasive grasses)
- Cellulosic Ethanol
- FlexEthanol (company able to create fuel from a variety of input material (including biomass, agricultural and municipal wastes, and other carbonaceous material).
- Other alternative sources
(learn more: The Clean Energy Scam)
- Flexible Fuel Vehicle
an automobile that can typically alternate between two sources of fuel.
- Freight Exchange
online exchange service for matching up empty freight haulers (i.e., a truck returning empty after making a delivery) with companies wishing to ship products. One example: TRANS.
- Hybrid Vehicle
a vehicle using an on-board rechargeable energy storage system (RESS) and a fueled power source for vehicle propulsion. Hybrids pollute less and uses less fuel.
- Hydrogen Vehicle
a vehicle that uses hydrogen as its on-board fuel for motive power.
- Improvement: Clean Diesel
in the next few years, the diesel industry will virtually eliminate key emissions associated with on- and off-road diesel equipment. This environmental progress is the result of the new clean diesel system – combining cleaner diesel fuel, advanced engines and effective exhaust-control technology.
- Improving Fuel Economy of Vehicles
by far the best tool we have for reducing oil consumption.
- Light Electric Vehicles
vehicles ranging in size from electric scooters small enough to fit under a bus seat up to one-person cars capable of driving on in freeway HOV lanes.
- Improvement: Liquid Petroleum Gas Vehicles
a mixture of hydrocarbon gases used as a fuel in vehicles.
- Kite Sails
large sails that attach to ships to reduce energy consumption by 10-35%.
- Motorized Bicycles
a bicycle with an attached motor used to assist with pedaling.
an alternative mode of flexible passenger transportation that does not follow fixed routes or schedules.
- Piston Engines
more fuel efficient vehicle engine design that can run on alternative fuels.
- Planning: Bicycle and Pedestrian Friendly Land-Use Codes
direct land use and transportation development to be convenient for pedestrian, bicycle and transit users.
- Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
a hybrid which has additional battery capacity and the ability to be recharged from an external electrical outlet.
- Public Transportation
comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles.
- Reimbursing Bicycling at Personal Auto Use Rate
great idea – a company is reimbursing their employees for bicycled miles at the standard mileage rate set by the U.S. IRS for automobiles.
sharing an automobile ride with a stranger within and between towns and cities. Numerous internet sites now make the process convenient.
innovative company helping to reduce carbon emissions in the UK by matching up companies that need to ship something with couriers that are already making similar trips across Europe.
- Smart Growth
used by those who seek to identify a set of policies governing transportation and land use planning policy for urban areas that benefits communities and preserves the natural environment.
- Sustainable Transportation Movement
shifts the emphasis in public spending and actions away from building and supply, to management and demand. The movement focuses on the values of heightened respect of the environment and prudent use of natural resources.
- The Shell Eco-marathon
the annual marathon challenges contestants to drive as far as possible using the least amount of energy.
- Transit-Oriented Development
a residential or commercial area designed to maximize access to public transport, and often incorporates features to encourage transit ridership.
- Walking School Bus
a group of children walking or riding their bikes (“bicycle train”) to school with one or more adults. Either informal (i.e., two families taking turns walking their children to school) or structured (i.e., defined route with meeting points, a timetable and a regularly rotated schedule of trained volunteers).
- Zero-Emissions Vehicles (ZEV)
produce no emissions or pollution when stationary or operating.